China factory Universal Joint for Steering Column

Product Description

We are 1 of the leading of universal joint manufacturer in China. Our factory has developed and produced more than 1 hundred kinds of u-joints which used for Japanese, American and European vehicle, engineering machinery and heavy earth moving equipment, agricultural machinery. At present our products have been exported to U. S. A., Europe, South Asia and Africa and can been used for TOTOYA, HODA, ISUZU, MITSUBISHI, CATERPILLAR, CHINAMFG and so on vehicle and machinery. If you are interested in our products I’ll send the detail information or samples to you.


PART NO. D(mm) L (mm)
ZY571 13 38
ZY571 14 39.5
ZY1438 14 38
ZY1538 15 38.1
ZY1638 16 38.5
ZY1641 16 41
ZY1643 16 43
ZY1847 18 47
ZY1944 19 44
ZY2044 20 44
ZY2055 20 55

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Condition: New
Color: Natural Color
Certification: Ts16949
Structure: Single
Material: Alloy Steel
Type: Cold Forging
US$ 0.74/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

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universal joint

How do you calculate the torque capacity of a universal joint?

Calculating the torque capacity of a universal joint involves considering various factors such as the joint’s design, material properties, and operating conditions. Here’s a detailed explanation:

The torque capacity of a universal joint is determined by several key parameters:

  1. Maximum Allowable Angle: The maximum allowable angle, often referred to as the “operating angle,” is the maximum angle at which the universal joint can operate without compromising its performance and integrity. It is typically specified by the manufacturer and depends on the joint’s design and construction.
  2. Design Factor: The design factor accounts for safety margins and variations in load conditions. It is a dimensionless factor typically ranging from 1.5 to 2.0, and it is multiplied by the calculated torque to ensure the joint can handle occasional peak loads or unexpected variations.
  3. Material Properties: The material properties of the universal joint’s components, such as the yokes, cross, and bearings, play a crucial role in determining its torque capacity. Factors such as the yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, and fatigue strength of the materials are considered in the calculations.
  4. Equivalent Torque: The equivalent torque is the torque value that represents the combined effect of the applied torque and the misalignment angle. It is calculated by multiplying the applied torque by a factor that accounts for the misalignment angle and the joint’s design characteristics. This factor is often provided in manufacturer specifications or can be determined through empirical testing.
  5. Torque Calculation: To calculate the torque capacity of a universal joint, the following formula can be used:
    Torque Capacity = (Equivalent Torque × Design Factor) / Safety Factor

    The safety factor is an additional multiplier applied to ensure a conservative and reliable design. The value of the safety factor depends on the specific application and industry standards but is typically in the range of 1.5 to 2.0.

It is important to note that calculating the torque capacity of a universal joint involves complex engineering considerations, and it is recommended to consult manufacturer specifications, guidelines, or engineering experts with experience in universal joint design for accurate and reliable calculations.

In summary, the torque capacity of a universal joint is calculated by considering the maximum allowable angle, applying a design factor, accounting for material properties, determining the equivalent torque, and applying a safety factor. Proper torque capacity calculations ensure that the universal joint can reliably handle the expected loads and misalignments in its intended application.

universal joint

How do you prevent backlash and vibration issues in a universal joint?

Preventing backlash and vibration issues in a universal joint involves various considerations and measures. Here are some approaches to minimize backlash and mitigate vibration problems:

  • Precision manufacturing: High-quality, precision-manufactured universal joints can help reduce backlash and vibration. Accurate machining and assembly processes ensure tight tolerances and minimize clearances between components, resulting in improved performance and reduced backlash.
  • Proper lubrication: Adequate lubrication is essential to minimize friction and wear, which can contribute to backlash and vibration. Using the recommended lubricant and following the manufacturer’s guidelines for lubrication intervals help ensure smooth operation and reduce backlash in the joint.
  • Alignment: Proper alignment between the input and output shafts is crucial for minimizing backlash and vibration. Aligning the shafts within the manufacturer’s specified tolerances ensures that the joint operates within its designed parameters, reducing stress and potential backlash issues.
  • Balance: Balancing the rotating components, such as yokes and crosses, helps minimize vibration. Imbalances can cause uneven forces and induce vibrations in the joint and the connected system. Balancing techniques, such as adding counterweights or using precision balancing equipment, ensure smoother operation and minimize vibration-related problems.
  • Vibration damping: Applying vibration damping techniques can help mitigate vibration issues. This may involve using vibration-absorbing materials, such as rubber or elastomeric elements, at appropriate locations to absorb and dissipate vibrations. Dampening vibrations can reduce the transmission of unwanted motion and minimize the potential for backlash.
  • Regular maintenance: Routine inspection and maintenance of the universal joint are essential to prevent backlash and vibration problems. This includes checking for wear, proper lubrication, and addressing any signs of misalignment or damage. Timely maintenance helps identify and rectify potential issues before they escalate and affect the performance and reliability of the joint.
  • Appropriate joint selection: Choosing the right type of universal joint for the specific application is crucial. Different joint designs, such as single joint, double joint, constant velocity (CV) joint, or Cardan joint, have varying characteristics and capabilities. Assessing the requirements of the system and selecting a joint that suits the application can help minimize backlash and vibration issues.

Implementing these measures and considering the specific operating conditions and requirements of the system can help prevent or minimize backlash and vibration issues in a universal joint. It is important to consult the manufacturer’s guidelines and recommendations for proper installation, operation, and maintenance of the universal joint to ensure optimal performance and longevity.

universal joint

How do you maintain and service a universal joint?

Maintaining and servicing a universal joint is essential to ensure its optimal performance, longevity, and reliability. Regular maintenance helps identify and address any potential issues before they lead to significant problems. Here are some guidelines for maintaining and servicing a universal joint:

  • Regular inspection: Perform regular visual inspections of the universal joint to check for signs of wear, damage, or misalignment. Look for any loose or missing fasteners, excessive play, or abnormal noise during operation. Inspect the lubrication condition and ensure it is adequate.
  • Lubrication: Proper lubrication is crucial for the smooth operation of a universal joint. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for lubrication type, quantity, and intervals. Regularly inspect the lubrication condition and replenish or replace the lubricant as necessary. Ensure that the lubrication points are accessible and apply the lubricant directly to those points.
  • Torque specifications: When performing maintenance or service tasks that involve fasteners or connections, adhere to the manufacturer’s torque specifications. Over-tightening or under-tightening can lead to issues such as stress concentration, fatigue, or premature failure of the universal joint.
  • Alignment: Ensure that the connected shafts are properly aligned. Misalignment can cause excessive stress and wear on the universal joint components. If misalignment is detected, take appropriate measures to correct it, such as adjusting the shafts or using shims or spacers.
  • Fasteners: Regularly inspect and tighten all fasteners, including bolts, nuts, and retaining clips. Check for any signs of corrosion, damage, or wear on the fasteners. Replace any damaged or worn fasteners with suitable replacements according to the manufacturer’s specifications.
  • Seals and boots: If your universal joint has seals or boots, inspect them for damage or deterioration. Damaged seals or boots can lead to contamination or loss of lubricant, affecting the performance and lifespan of the joint. Replace any damaged or worn seals or boots promptly.
  • Operational monitoring: During operation, monitor the universal joint for any abnormal vibrations, noises, or temperature changes. Unusual vibrations or noises can indicate misalignment, wear, or other issues. Excessive heat can be a sign of insufficient lubrication or excessive friction. If any abnormalities are observed, investigate and address them promptly.
  • Service intervals: Follow the recommended service intervals provided by the manufacturer. These intervals may include tasks such as lubrication, inspection, re-greasing, or complete disassembly and reassembly. Adhering to the recommended service intervals helps maintain the optimal performance and reliability of the universal joint.
  • Expert assistance: If you encounter complex issues or are unsure about any maintenance or service tasks, seek assistance from a qualified professional or the manufacturer. They can provide specific guidance, troubleshooting, or perform more in-depth servicing if needed.

Proper maintenance and servicing of a universal joint contribute to its longevity, performance, and overall system reliability. By regularly inspecting the joint, ensuring proper lubrication, alignment, and fastening, and addressing any issues promptly, you can maximize the lifespan and efficiency of the universal joint in your mechanical system.

China factory Universal Joint for Steering Column  China factory Universal Joint for Steering Column
editor by CX 2024-03-04